Walter Gropius (1883-1969) Architect

Walter Gropius was a German architect who first worked in Germany and then in America. He was one of the most important figures of the modern direction and used iron and glass to make new possibilities. From 1919 he was director of the Bauhaus, first established in Weimar and then in Dessau since 1925. The Bauhaus was formerly a leading organization that improved buildings, interior and household appliances. From 1934 he worked in London in 1937 and was appointed professor at Harvard University in America. In that same year, he undertook with Marcel Breuer. Walter Gropius was someone who had a great influence in how America realized buildings. Along with Wachsman he was the designer of a new system for making prefabricated houses.

Main achievements
Factory building for Fagus Work Karl Benscheidt Alfeld on the Leine (1911-1914).
Pavilion for the Werkbund exhibition in Cologne (1914).
Homes and buildings for the Bauhaus in Dessau (1925-1926).
Country house for James Ford in America (1939).
Mansion for Harry G. Chamberlain in America (1940).
Settlement for the workers in the aluminum business at Harvard, more known as Aluminum city.
Student Housing complex Harvard Graduate Commons at Harvard.

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