Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) Architectural Engineer and Architect

Eiffel Tower of Paris
Gustave Eiffel was a French engineer and architect. He began working in 1856 for the Compagnie des Chemins de Fer de l'Ouest (French railways). Then he began to design bridges as his first bridge Passerelle Eiffel in Bordeaux. His specialty was iron structures. That way he designed the world famous Eiffel Tower and the famous Iron elevator in Lisbon. He was also one of the founders of the aerodynamic science. He built important bridges and viaducts in France and other countries. In bridges he applied the assembly of free expansion. He also designed pneumatic foundations. For the world exhibition in Paris in 1878 he built the 'Galerie des machines'. He designed the steel construction of the Statue of Liberty of the United States donated by France in June 1886. The Statue of Liberty is actually a replica of the original statue of liberty designed by Frédéric Barholdi in 1870, it is located in the Jardin du Luxembourg in Paris. He was also responsible for designing the locks for the Panama Canal in 1893 and was involved in the Panama Affair, but he was acquitted. For the Great Exhibition of 1889 in Paris, he built the Eiffel Tower. This gave him an unconditional world reputation and became world famous. He founded in 1912 in Auteuil the first laboratory for aerodynamics, which served for the study of aviation, after the death of Gustave Eiffel it became property of the French state.
Iron Elevator in Lisbon
Photographs by WM

Main achievements
Passerelle Eiffel bridge in Bordeaux.
Galerie des machines for the World Exhibition in Paris (1878).
Steel construction of the Statue of Liberty to the United States (1886).
Designs locks for the Panama Canal (1893).
Iron elevator in Lisbon.
Eiffel Tower of Paris (1889).

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